Mary’s mediation depends on the supreme mediatorship of Christ, while Christ is the redemptive mediator Mary along His side is the mediator of God’s grace and its dispensatrix to the people of God.To avoid confusions we have to differentiate the mediatorship of Christ from Mary.
Christ is our redemptive mediator wherein he is the “go between” between the people and God. Through Christ mediation we received the gift of salvation by redeeming us from the grasp of Hell. While Mary’s mediatorship she is the “go between” between God to mankind because through her God has entered the history of mankind by conceiving God’s only begotten Son.
As the starting point for explaining this majestic truth we must look back to the exposition of Pope Leo XIII regarding the doctrine that Mary is truly the Mediatrix of all graces.According to the Pope the treasure of heaven can only be dispense through the hands of Mary, without Mary no grace will be mediated to the people of God. Through Eve’s influence on Adam, sin was mediated to the world, and through the influence of Mary’s obedience grace was mediated to the world.
Christ is the grace of God in which through the Virgin birth Christ was mediated to man for his salvation. The Church is the body of Christ, and like the human body the head provides the necessary impulses to make the other organ functions and all this impulses before going into different organs must pass through the neck, likewise Christ is the head in which all the grace originated from him and Mary is the neck wherein all the graces must pass through her in order to be distributed into different parts of the Church. In the letter to the Hebrewsit basically tells as that children share with the parents his flesh and blood likewise it can be said that the very flesh and blood of Christ is the very flesh and blood of Mary in a more perfect way than those of ordinary people.
When Christ was hanging on the cross the flesh and blood of Christ is also a partition of the very flesh and blood of Mary, after the piercing of the side of Christ blood and water immediately flowed out.The blood and water symbolizes the fountain of grace that we obtain through the Sacraments, the water symbolized the Sacrament of Initiation or Baptism the beginning of our spiritual life through the grace of baptism and the blood symbolized the Eucharist the life and summit of the church.In the context of Mary’s role in the salvation of mankind it can be said that the blood and water that flowed from the side of Christ also flowed through Mary since the very flesh and very blood of Christ and Mary is the same. Without Mary’s obedience to the will of the Father grace can never be dispense to mankind since God choose the flesh and blood of Mary as the medium to where grace will be dispensed through the sacrificial act of Christ to all those who need it. Mary is not the source of this grace, Christ alone is the source of grace Mary simply is the dispensatrix of the grace. The belief in Mary as the Mediatrix of graces is not a new revelation it is already in the mind of the Church more than 700 years ago. Antipater of Bostra one of the council Fathers of the council of Ephesus called Mary the Mediatrix for mankind.St. Bernard of Clairvaux has clearly in short and brief explanation the role of Mary as the Mediatrix of all grace that no grace will be dispense without passing through the hands of Mary.St. Albert the Great called Mary as the gate of heaven since all grace will have to pass through her.The doctrine that Mary is the Mediatrix of all grace can be summed up with the words of St. Pope Pius X in his encyclical Ad Diem Illum Laetissimum the pope said “by this companionship in sorrow and suffering already mentioned between the Mother and the Son, it has been allowed to the august Virgin to be the most powerful mediatrix and advocate of the whole world with her Divine Son.” Sadly not everyone accepted this truth there are some who opposed it especially the Protestants, according to them Mary cannot be the Mediatrix since Christ alone is the mediator between man and God.If they are correct with their understanding of 1 Timothy 2:5 then it follows that the Church should reject this teaching.
However they have misread the implication of the passage in its original Greek context. “one mediator” in Greek is “εις μεσιτης” (heis mesitēs), the Greek word “heis” means “one, first or primary” this Pauline epistle emphasizes Christ’s transcendence as a mediator, through the unique value of His redemptive death.If Paul meant in 1 Timothy 2:5 that Christ is the sole and only mediator then he could have used the Greek word “monos” which means alone, sole and only. Clearly there is no contradiction in the Pauline epistle with the doctrine that Mary is the Mediatrix of all grace. Even in the New Testament there are instances that people become a sort of mediators when they intercede for one another.Aside from that the priest by ministering the Sacraments is also a kind of a mediator lesser in degree than that of Christ and Mary. Mary’s mediatorship is already put into practice today by praying the Rosary and other pious practices.