Golden Banner News Paper
Column Title: Let’s Think Together
Article Title: The Long History of Opposition
Columnist: Cleb B. Calimutan
The Roman Catholic Church would celebrate this month of June the Trinity Sunday but like any other doctrine there are a lot of oppositions a very long line of Heretical Positions. But the truth always prevail, even how seemingly powerful the enemy is still truth and good prevails in the end. The first of those were very ostensible in opposing the doctrines:
1st Century – Judaic heretics, Cerenthus and the Ebionites held strongly the doctrine that there
is only one Person in God and denied the divinity of Jesus Christ.
Late 2nd Century – Mornchianism taught that there is only one Person in God.
a) Dynamic or Adoptionist Monarchianism – Taught that Christ is a mere man, even though born in a supernatural manner from the Holy Ghost and of the Blessed Virgin. The principal exponents of the Doctrine was Theodotius of Byzantine who brought the idea to Rome and was excommunicated by Pope Victor (189-198); Paul of Samosta, Bishop of Antioch who was deposed a heretic in the Synod of Antioch (268) and Bishop Phontius of Sermium who was deposed in the Synod of Syrmium (351).
The Defenders of the Faith were: St. Irenaeus and Tertullian
b) Patripassianic or Modalist Monarchianism – accepts the divinity of Jesus Christ but admits only one Person in God by teaching that the Father had become man in Jesus Christ and had Suffered. Few of those who taught this idea was Noetus of Smyrna and Praxeas from Asia Minor.The Defenders of the Faith were: St. Hyppolitus and Alexandrian Bishop, Dionysius the Great.
336 A.D. – Alexandrine Presbyter Arius, taught that the Logos or the Word is created in time
and does not exist in eternity. This doctrine was condemned in the Council of Necea (325). This Council drafted a creed, which confesses Jesus Chrsit to be the Son of God, His generation from the Substance of the Father, His true Divinity and His consubstantiality with the Father.
360 A.D. – Macedonianism (Pneumatomachi – combators against the Holy Spirit) a group
founded by Semi-Arian Bishop Macedonius. The Defenders of the Faith: St. Athanasius at the General Council of Constantinople.
565 A.D. – Johannes Philopunos, according to him, the Three Divine Persons individuals of the
God-head, as three men are three individuals of the species of man.
1120 A.D. – Roscelin, A Canon of Compiegne, was a nominalist, according to him The Divine
Persons were three separate realities which are connected with one another morally only. The Defenders of the Faith: His teaching was combated by St. Anselm of Canerbury, and condemned at the Synod at Soissons.
1154 A.D. – Gilbert of Poiters who taught that there are Three Persons plus God Head.
The Defenders of the Faith: Bernhard of Clairvaux, the teaching was condemned in the Council of Rheims.
1202 – A.D. Abbot Joachim of Fiore, conceived the unity of the Three Divine Persons as a
collective unit. The Defenders of the Faith: Peter Lombardus, the teaching was condemned by the
Lateran Council in 1215 A.D.
1873 – A.D. Anton Gunther he taught that the Three substances of the Divine Persons are
1524 -Martin Luther in some of his articles (Schmalkadic Articles P.I Art.1-4) he denied the
Dogma of the Trinity.
1604 – Socianism, established by Faustus Sozzine – denied the plurality of the Divine Persons,
declared that Jesus is a mere man, and the Holy Ghost is an impersonated divine force.
However it will always remain: “In God there are Three Persons, the Father, The Son and the Holy Ghost.
Each of the Three Persons possesses the one (numerical) Divine Essence.” (De fide.)
Amidst the long struggles of the Church there were also heroes of faith who died defending the truth taught by Jesus and His disciples. And the Church were able to preserve the sanctity of Her doctrine and the Church continues to sail preaching the word of God in the history of mankind for it is the mission entrusted by Jesus as he said:
“Going therefore, teach ye all nations, Baptising them in the Name of the Father and of The Son and of the Holy Ghost.” (Mt.28:19)